With its new safety centre, Volkswagen is bringing together its vehicle safety expertise at a single location. Blending into the existing architecture, a new three-storey building with approximately 8000 square metres of floor space was constructed at the headquarters in Wolfsburg.
The centrepiece is a new state-of-the-art crash sled facility, which for the first time can simulate lateral and rotational vehicle body movements both horizontally and vertically.
At the new sled facility, vehicle tests at speeds of up to 100km/h with total weights of up to three tons are possible. The underfloor cable-rail system in the floor of the hall is over 140 metres in length. Thanks to a new pallet change system, the next test can be prepared as the current test is being conducted, which increases facility efficiency and throughput. Around 800 sled tests are conducted each year by Volkswagen technical development.
“This state-of-the-art sled system allows us to reproduce the dynamic movements of a crash as well as simulate so-called ‘pre-braking’ scenarios”, said Dr Gunnar Koether, Head of Vehicle Safety at Volkswagen.
This is possible due to a highly sophisticated and precisely controllable hydraulic system on the sled, which can simulate both forward “pitching” as well as lateral “yawing” of the test vehicle immediately prior to impact.
“In doing so”, continued Koether, “we can accurately demonstrate the operation of modern active safety systems such as emergency braking in our sled tests.” In such a scenario, the test vehicle is accelerated to 80km/h and then braked shortly before impact. This type of pre-braking corresponds to a real-world accident scenario.
In addition to the new sled system, there are also multiple test benches located on the ground floor of the hall. On the first floor, the crash test vehicles are first prepared for the test and later thoroughly analysed. On the second floor, there are the workstations for the development team.
The new high-tech sled was built directly adjacent to the second crash-test facility, which entered operation in 1988. Both facilities are served by the same control room.
Read about the 20 years of Euro NCAP crash tests from 1997 to 2017.